Bone Matrix Implants, Synthetic

Definition : Bone matrix implants made of artificial (i.e., synthetic) materials designed to provide osteoconductive bone tissue scaffolds. These implants are typically made of ceramics (e.g., tricalcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite) and, less frequently, of bioactive glasses or biodegradable polymers. These implants are used to fill cystic defects, to repair fractures of the tibial plateau, and to extend autogenous bone grafts and in dental procedures (e.g., to treat periodontal degeneration and gingival recession). Bone matrix implants combined with osteoconductive growth factors and osteogenic cells (i.e., composite grafts) are frequently used instead of autologous grafts and allografts.

Entry Terms : "Bone Matrix Implants, Artificial"

UMDC code : 17751

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